Cover of A Retrograde Trend in Russian Social Democracy

A Retrograde Trend in Russian Social Democracy

Auhtor: Vladimir Ilyich Lenin

Language: english
Published: 1908

Genres:

political,  revolutionary,  social history
Downloads: 211
eBook size: 386Kb

Review by Daniel G. Lebryk, July 2005


Rating: (***)
Copyright: Public Domain in the U.S.
Please check the copyright status in your country.

Summary of the Book 'A Retrograde Trend in Russian Social Democracy':

So the Bolsheviks slogans demanded of these parties leaders that they do the job their supporters expected them to do. Their key demands were that the socialists break with the Kadets and take political power into their own hands. The compromisers could easily have done this by declaring the executive of the Soviet the government of the country. The Bolshevik slogans Down with the ten capitalist ministers! and All power to the soviets! became increasingly popular amongst the masses. Already in June the Bolsheviks had called a demonstration to coincide with the first all-Russian soviet congress. They had been under special pressure from the soldiers who opposed the governments plans for a new military offensive. The compromisers had an overwhelming majority at the congress. It demanded that the Bolsheviks call off their demonstration. But it had been forced to call an official soviet demonstration for the following Sunday under the blandest possible slogans. It was a huge success... for the Bolsheviks! 400000 attended but to the compromisers horror their banners bore the Bolsheviks extremist slogans. Despite this the government continued on its rightward course. On June 18 the new offensive started. The June demonstrations showed the Bolsheviks were the leading political force in Petrograd. But the same was not yet true for the rest of the country. Millions of soldiers at the front and peasants in the provinces had only just heard from them and that through the usually vitriolic reports of the capitalist press and the compromisers. They still had confidence in their leaders even though they had often put forward the Bolsheviks demands of bread peace and land. Lenin understood that soon these illusions would turn into their opposite. But pressure was mounting in Petrograd for immediate action against Kerenskys government. Ultra-left sectarians imagine that revolutionaries merely have to find the most left point on the political spectrum and occupy it. But a serious workers party has to weigh all the political strategic and tactical considerations in a situation in order to achieve victory.

Excerpts from the Book 'A Retrograde Trend in Russian Social Democracy':


... in perplexity. Surely R. M. must have noticed some higher, more advanced forms of organisation in the working-class movement in Russia! Apparently he ...
... Mysl make it, in general, in every issue of their paper. In order to explain this error of Rabochaya Mysl we must clarify the general question of the ...
... teaching, and evolved a theory of workers' socialism applicable to Russia - the theory of the Russian Social-Democrats. The foundation of Russian ...
... of renouncing politics! Indeed, is not this reduction of politics to the struggle of craft unions for individual reforms the renunciation of politics? ...
... do not presume to speak on behalf of the advanced Russian workers! The representatives of the lower strata of the proletariat often do not realise that ...
... the Political Struggle (1883) and Our Differences (1885), pointing out the task of the Russian revolutionaries - the foundation of a revolutionary working-class ...
... editors of Rabochaya Mysl : Whom are you mocking? It is yourselves you are mocking! The editors of Rabochaya Mysl complain that the Russian Social-Democrats ...
... the transfer of all means of production to social ownership, the seizure of political power by the working class, and the founding of a revolutionary ...
... the autocracy with the maximum success. . . . The main question for us is to know how our workers should conduct this social [!] struggle against the ...
... a social struggle against the autocracy is a pure distortion of the issue, because the Russian liberals have never organised a revolutionary party to ...
... all its efforts to the formation of a well-ordered organisation, to the training of competent and resourceful revolutionaries from among the advanced ...
... but only as the struggle to improve the condition of all workers), R. M. is actually calling upon the Russian working-class movement and ...
... In that case, no other way will be left to the proletariat for the achievement of its aim but that of revolution. This is the reason the programme ...
... organ, and that these publications stand by the old programme of the Russian Social-Democrats in its entirety. Our Bernsteinians do not seem ...
... moment in the foreground and to push back the broad ideals of socialism and the political struggle. The fragmentary, amateur nature of Social-Democratic ...
... to ensure that its ranks are regularly reinforced, that its lofty mental requirements are met and that leaders of the Russian Social-Democratic Labour ...
... of holidays (the interests of the moment) that the working people can and should conduct the workers' struggle by their own efforts alone, ...
... the Russian revolutionary working-class party which has as its immediate aim the overthrow of the autocracy and the winning of political liberty. Whoever ...
... and through acquaintance with the St. Petersburg proclamations and Lenin's writings on programmatic questions: Lenin's Tasks of the Russian Social-Democrats ...
... Union of Lithuania, Poland, and Russia (The Bund ) was formed by a founding congress of Jewish Social-Democratic groups held in Vilno in 1897 it ...