Cover of A Questionnaire on the Organisation of Big Capital

A Questionnaire on the Organisation of Big Capital

Auhtor: Vladimir Ilyich Lenin

Language: english
Published: 1919

Genres:

political,  revolutionary,  social history
Downloads: 301
eBook size: 246Kb

Review by O. Brown, April 2008


Rating: (***)
Copyright: Public Domain in the U.S.
Please check the copyright status in your country.

Summary of the Book 'A Questionnaire on the Organisation of Big Capital':

The perspective which Lenin arrived at in 1917 coincided with Trotskys theory of Permanent Revolution worked out following the experience of the 1905 revolution. This resolved the long debate within the Russian labor movement which revolved around three different conceptions of the coming revolution. All the Russian Marxists were agreed that the tasks of social transformation facing them were those of the bourgeois-democratic revolution. These were: the breaking up of the big estates and the distribution of the land to the peasants. The abolition of the Tsarist monarchy and the establishment of a democratic republic. The separation of the church and state. The introduction of social reforms urgently demanded by the workers and the peasants but also necessary to clear the way for the development of capitalism. Given this which political forces would provide the leadership? Would it be (a) the liberal capitalist representatives? If so would the workers parties including the Bolsheviks limit themselves to conditional support for the liberals accepting that the struggle for socialism would come later under more favorable conditions which would develop under a capitalist regime? Would it be (b) the working class in alliance with the representatives of the peasantry who would take the power - limiting themselves however at this stage to bourgeois-democratic tasks? Or would it be (c) the working class leading the exploited peasantry behind them who would take power carry through the bourgeois-democratic tasks - but at the same time implementing radical changes in their own interest which would begin the transition to socialism? Position (a) was adopted by the Mensheviks who formed the right wing of the Social-Democratic party. From Marx they drew highly schematic conclusions: that feudalism capitalism and socialism followed in succession and one historical stage had to be complete before another could commence. There was no question according to this view of the working class initiating a socialist revolution until the bourgeois revolution was complete.

Excerpts from the Book 'A Questionnaire on the Organisation of Big Capital':


... THE ORGANISATIONS OF BIG CAPITAL ? Prosveshcheniye, Nos. 5-7, April-June 1912 Signed: V. Ilyin Published according to the ...
... organisations of big capital in Russia in 1910 is given as 143. Seventy-one of them were stock-exchange societies with their committees. Then ...
... of the subject of his investigation. ? ? Only in the case of a part of the organisations was it possible to establish the total turnover or ...
... puts it at 319,000), or an average of more than 300 workers per member. ? ? It is clear that we are dealing here with organisations of big capital, ...
... the activity of the representative organisations of the biggest capital. For instance, the author gives a summary of the information about their budgets. ...
... author, who exaggerates things beyond measure and for that very reason vows in passing that he speaks without exaggeration. ...
... which he repeats in a dozen different ways! ? ? It would be difficult to name. . . . What about the electoral law? Or the agrarian question? ...
... parliament, and the organisations of capital have never been purposely dissolved for three days.. . . ? ? This witticism is an obvious ...
... Mr. Gushka goes to the length of quoting the statement, made by the Ufa Stock-Exchange Committee in its report for 1905-06, that the government ...
... ? And in the conclusion of his book, where he takes up the cudgels against the traditional prejudice about the lowliness and lack of rights ...
... Question 41 of the questionnaire, referring to the number of meetings of the executive body of each organisation during each of the past five years, ...
... in others. In that 'crazy' year, 'when the authorities withdrew', it seemed to all, including the industrialists (particularly at the end of ...
... theory which he promised to demolish is reinforced by the course of events in 1905. ? ? Both big commercial and industrial capital and the ...
... wishy-washy liberalism of a praiser of the commercial and industrial big-wigs! ? ? Mr. Yermansky goes even further than Mr. Gushka in the direction ...
... the very thing which lacks the main feature of what concerns the whole nation and the whole state: the organisation of state power and the entire ...
... the autocracy and the fact that power and revenues are still in the hands of the feudal landlords. He is wrong in thinking that only in the late nineteenth ...
... beginning to end. The point is that he makes a fundamental mistake in appraising the social organisation of the autocracy. We pointed out long ago, and ...
... and it will be enough for the workers to seize on the contradiction between constitutionalism and absolutism. ? ? Thus the result is agreement ...
... It was a Progressist mouthpiece subsidised by Ryabushinsky's bank. It was closed down early in April 1918 for slanderous statements against Soviet rule. ...
... Narodnik Agrarian ProgrammesS'o (Alone), published in Paris in 1892, is a collection of poems by the Portuguese poet Ant'onio Nobre. It is the only ...